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Table 1 Reported angiogenesis-related changes in serum, CSF and PBMCs of MS patients

From: Angiogenesis in multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Angiogenesis related molecules Serum CSF PBMCs
VEGF-A [12],[59],[255] [53],[63] [59],[63]
VEGF-D [256]     
VEGF-R3 [256]     
Angiopoietin-2 [256]     
Basic FGF [12] [257]   
Endothelin-1 [85],[184] [185] [258]
Nitric oxide and NOS [259] [111],[185] [260]
TNF-α [261] [258],[262],[263] [264]–[266]
TGF-β [267] [268] [269]
[268]
IFN-γ [270] [75] [265],[269]
MMP-2 [271] [272] [273]
MMP-9 [271],[274] [275],[276] [273]
TIMP-1 [274] [277] [278]
sCD146    [279]