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  1. Content type: Research

    Degeneration of noradrenergic locus coeruleus neurons occurs during the prodromal phase of Parkinson’s disease and contributes to a variety of non-motor symptoms, e.g. depression, anxiety and REM sleep behavio...

    Authors: Martin Timo Henrich, Fanni Fruzsina Geibl, Bolam Lee, Wei-Hua Chiu, James Benjamin Koprich, Jonathan Michael Brotchie, Lars Timmermann, Niels Decher, Lina Anita Matschke and Wolfgang Hermann Oertel

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:39

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  2. Content type: Research

    In Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related tauopathies, the microtubule-associated protein tau is highly phosphorylated and aggregates to form neurofibrillary tangles that are characteristic of these neurodegener...

    Authors: Caterina Giacomini, Chuay-Yeng Koo, Natalia Yankova, Ignatius A. Tavares, Selina Wray, Wendy Noble, Diane P. Hanger and Jonathan D. H. Morris

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:37

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  3. Content type: Research

    The complement system is a key driver of neuroinflammation. Activation of complement by all pathways, results in the formation of the anaphylatoxin C5a and the membrane attack complex (MAC). Both initiate pro-...

    Authors: Iliana Michailidou, Aldo Jongejan, Jeroen P. Vreijling, Theodosia Georgakopoulou, Marit B. de Wissel, Ruud A. Wolterman, Patrick Ruizendaal, Ngaisah Klar-Mohamad, Anita E. Grootemaat, Daisy I. Picavet, Vinod Kumar, Cees van Kooten, Trent M. Woodruff, B. Paul Morgan, Nicole N. van der Wel, Valeria Ramaglia…

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:36

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  4. Content type: Research

    TDP-43 pathology was investigated in the anterior temporal pole cortex (ATPC) and orbital frontal cortex (OFC), regions often degenerated in frontotemporal lobar degenerations (FTLD), in aging and Alzheimer’s ...

    Authors: Sukriti Nag, Lei Yu, Patricia A. Boyle, Sue E. Leurgans, David A. Bennett and Julie A. Schneider

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:33

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  5. Content type: Research

    Imaging of pathological tau with positron emission tomography (PET) has the potential to allow early diagnosis of the dementias and monitoring of disease progression, including assessment of therapeutic interv...

    Authors: Melissa C. Wren, Tammaryn Lashley, Erik Årstad and Kerstin Sander

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:34

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  6. Content type: Research

    Neuronal inclusions composed of α-synuclein (α-syn) characterize Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Cognitive dysfunction defines DLB, and up to 80% of PD patients develop dementia. ...

    Authors: Jessica M. Froula, Benjamin W. Henderson, Jose Carlos Gonzalez, Jada H. Vaden, John W. Mclean, Yumei Wu, Gokulakrishna Banumurthy, Linda Overstreet-Wadiche, Jeremy H. Herskowitz and Laura A. Volpicelli-Daley

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:35

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  7. Content type: Research

    Heterozygous mutations in glucocerebrosidase 1 (GBA1) are a major genetic risk factor for Parkinson’s disease and Dementia with Lewy bodies. Mutations in GBA1 leads to GBA1 enzyme deficiency, and GBA1-associated ...

    Authors: Donghoon Kim, Heehong Hwang, Seulah Choi, Sang Ho Kwon, Suhyun Lee, Jae Hong Park, SangMin Kim and Han Seok Ko

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:32

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  8. Content type: Research

    Although there is a strong association between osteoporosis and skeletal muscle atrophy/dysfunction, the functional relevance of a particular biological pathway that regulates synchronously bone and skeletal m...

    Authors: Sébastien S. Dufresne, Antoine Boulanger-Piette, Sabrina Bossé, Anteneh Argaw, Dounia Hamoudi, Laetitia Marcadet, Daniel Gamu, Val A. Fajardo, Hideo Yagita, Josef M. Penninger, A. Russell Tupling and Jérôme Frenette

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:31

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  9. Content type: Research

    Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, also known as prion diseases, are a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders affecting both humans and animals. The central pathogenic event in prion disease is the...

    Authors: Fei Wang, Xinhe Wang, Romany Abskharon and Jiyan Ma

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:30

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  10. Content type: Research

    The concept that abnormal protein aggregates show prion-like propagation between cells has been considered to explain the onset and progression of many neurodegenerative diseases. Indeed, both synthetic amyloi...

    Authors: Airi Tarutani, Tetsuaki Arai, Shigeo Murayama, Shin-ichi Hisanaga and Masato Hasegawa

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:29

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  11. Content type: Research

    Muscle atrophy with weakness is a core feature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that has long been attributed to motor neuron loss alone. However, several studies in ALS patients, and more so in animal m...

    Authors: Matthew D. Cykowski, Suzanne Z. Powell, Joan W. Appel, Anithachristy S. Arumanayagam, Andreana L. Rivera and Stanley H. Appel

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:28

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  12. Content type: Research

    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common inherited muscle disorder that causes severe disability and death of young men. This disease is characterized by progressive muscle degeneration aggravated ...

    Authors: Rasha Al-Khalidi, Chiara Panicucci, Paul Cox, Natalia Chira, Justyna Róg, Christopher N. J. Young, Rhiannon E. McGeehan, Kameshwari Ambati, Jayakrishna Ambati, Krzysztof Zabłocki, Elisabetta Gazzerro, Stephen Arkle, Claudio Bruno and Dariusz C. Górecki

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:27

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  13. Content type: Research

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by the accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides and hyperphosphorylated tau protein accompanied by neuronal loss. Aβ accumulation has been associated with an impaired s...

    Authors: Gaëlle Dominguez, Marie-Lise Maddelein, Mélanie Pucelle, Yvan Nicaise, Claude-Alain Maurage, Charles Duyckaerts, Olivier Cuvillier and Marie-Bernadette Delisle

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:25

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  14. Content type: Research

    The amyloid cascade hypothesis posits that the initiating event in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the aggregation and deposition of the β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide, which is a proteolytic cleavage product of the amylo...

    Authors: Alejandro Ruiz-Riquelme, Heather H. C. Lau, Erica Stuart, Adrienn N. Goczi, Zhilan Wang, Gerold Schmitt-Ulms and Joel C. Watts

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:26

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  15. Content type: Research

    Huntington disease (HD) is caused by the expression of mutant huntingtin (mHTT) bearing a polyglutamine expansion. In HD, mHTT accumulation is accompanied by a dysfunction in basal autophagy, which manifests a...

    Authors: Dagmar E. Ehrnhoefer, Dale D. O. Martin, Mandi E. Schmidt, Xiaofan Qiu, Safia Ladha, Nicholas S. Caron, Niels H. Skotte, Yen T. N. Nguyen, Kuljeet Vaid, Amber L. Southwell, Sabine Engemann, Sonia Franciosi and Michael R. Hayden

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:16

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  16. Content type: Research

    Seeding and spread of beta-amyloid (Aβ) pathologies have been considered to be based on prion-like mechanisms. However, limited transmissibility of Aβ seeding activity upon peripheral exposure would represent ...

    Authors: Michael Burwinkel, Manuel Lutzenberger, Frank L. Heppner, Walter Schulz-Schaeffer and Michael Baier

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:23

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  17. Content type: Review

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is conceptualized as a progressive consequence of two hallmark pathological changes in grey matter: extracellular amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. However, over the past se...

    Authors: Sara E. Nasrabady, Batool Rizvi, James E. Goldman and Adam M. Brickman

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:22

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  18. Content type: Methodology article

    All isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutant solid neoplasms exhibit highly elevated levels of D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D-2HG). Detection of 2HG in tumor tissues currently is performed by gas or liquid chromatograph...

    Authors: Rémi Longuespée, Annika K. Wefers, Elena De Vita, Aubry K. Miller, David E. Reuss, Wolfgang Wick, Christel Herold-Mende, Mark Kriegsmann, Peter Schirmacher, Andreas von Deimling and Stefan Pusch

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:21

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  19. Content type: Research

    Synaptic dysfunction or loss in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is thought to be a major structural correlate of cognitive dysfunction. Early loss of episodic memory, which occurs at the early stage o...

    Authors: M. Domínguez-Álvaro, M. Montero-Crespo, L. Blazquez-Llorca, R. Insausti, J. DeFelipe and L. Alonso-Nanclares

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:20

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  20. Content type: Research

    Although the genetic causes for several rare, familial forms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have been identified, the etiology of the sporadic form of AD remains unclear. Here, we report a systems-level study of ...

    Authors: Qi Zhang, Cheng Ma, Marla Gearing, Peng George Wang, Lih-Shen Chin and Lian Li

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:19

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  21. Content type: Research

    Despite multidisciplinary local and systemic therapeutic approaches, the prognosis for most patients with brain metastases is still dismal. The role of adaptive and innate anti-tumor response including the Hum...

    Authors: P. S. Zeiner, J. Zinke, D. J. Kowalewski, S. Bernatz, J. Tichy, M. W. Ronellenfitsch, F. Thorsen, A. Berger, M. T. Forster, A. Muller, J. P. Steinbach, R. Beschorner, J. Wischhusen, H. M. Kvasnicka, K. H. Plate, S. Stefanović…

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:18

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  22. Content type: Research

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces a wide variety of cellular and molecular changes that can continue for days to weeks to months, leading to functional impairments. Currently, there are no pharmacotherapies...

    Authors: Anssi Lipponen, Assam El-Osta, Antony Kaspi, Mark Ziemann, Ishant Khurana, Harikrishnan KN, Vicente Navarro-Ferrandis, Noora Puhakka, Jussi Paananen and Asla Pitkänen

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:17

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  23. Content type: Research

    The therapeutic response to high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) therapy for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) varies. Polyglutamylation is a reversible protein modification with a high occurrence rat...

    Authors: Naoki Shinojima, Kenji Fujimoto, Keishi Makino, Kohei Todaka, Kazumichi Yamada, Yoshiki Mikami, Kazutaka Oda, Kazumi Nakamura, Hirofumi Jono, Jun-ichi Kuratsu, Hideo Nakamura, Shigetoshi Yano and Akitake Mukasa

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:15

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  24. Content type: Research

    Recent data suggest that olfactory deficits could represent an early marker and a pathogenic mechanism at the basis of cognitive decline in type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, research is needed to further charact...

    Authors: Grazyna Lietzau, William Davidsson, Claes-Göran Östenson, Fausto Chiazza, David Nathanson, Hiranya Pintana, Josefin Skogsberg, Thomas Klein, Thomas Nyström, Vladimer Darsalia and Cesare Patrone

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:14

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  25. Content type: Research

    Mechanisms underlying sex differences in cancer incidence are not defined but likely involve dimorphism (s) in tumor suppressor function at the cellular and organismal levels. As an example, sexual dimorphism ...

    Authors: Najla Kfoury, Tao Sun, Kwanha Yu, Nathan Rockwell, Kelsey L. Tinkum, Zongtai Qi, Nicole M. Warrington, Peter McDonald, Anuradha Roy, Scott J. Weir, Carrie A. Mohila, Benjamin Deneen and Joshua B. Rubin

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:12

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  26. Content type: Research

    Human familial prion diseases are associated with mutations at 34 different prion protein (PrP) amino acid residues. However, it is unclear whether infectious prions are found in all cases. Mutant PrP itself m...

    Authors: Brent Race, Katie Williams, Andrew G. Hughson, Casper Jansen, Piero Parchi, Annemieke J. M. Rozemuller and Bruce Chesebro

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:13

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  27. Content type: Research

    Terminal complement complex deposition in endomysial capillaries detected by a C5b-9 immunostain is considered a diagnostic feature for dermatomyositis. However, we found widespread microvascular C5b-9 reactiv...

    Authors: Paul C. Yell, Dennis K. Burns, Evan G. Dittmar, Charles L. White III and Chunyu Cai

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:11

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  28. Content type: Research

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS). While multiple effective immunomodulatory therapies for MS exist today, they lack the scope of promoting CN...

    Authors: Nicolau Beckmann, Elisa Giorgetti, Anna Neuhaus, Stefan Zurbruegg, Nathalie Accart, Paul Smith, Julien Perdoux, Ludovic Perrot, Mark Nash, Sandrine Desrayaud, Peter Wipfli, Wilfried Frieauff and Derya R. Shimshek

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:9

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  29. Content type: Research

    In Alzheimer disease and related disorders, the microtubule-associated protein tau aggregates and forms cytoplasmic lesions that impair neuronal physiology at many levels. In addition to affecting the host neu...

    Authors: Juan Carlos Polanco, Chuanzhou Li, Nela Durisic, Robert Sullivan and Jürgen Götz

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:10

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  30. Content type: Methodology article

    The diagnosis and treatment of synucleinopathies such as Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies would be aided by the availability of assays for the pathogenic disease-associated forms of α-synuclein ...

    Authors: Bradley R. Groveman, Christina D. Orrù, Andrew G. Hughson, Lynne D. Raymond, Gianluigi Zanusso, Bernardino Ghetti, Katrina J. Campbell, Jiri Safar, Douglas Galasko and Byron Caughey

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:7

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  31. Content type: Research

    In Parkinson’s disease (PD) there is widespread accumulation in the brain of abnormal α-synuclein aggregates forming intraneuronal Lewy bodies (LB). It is now well established that LB-type α-synuclein aggregat...

    Authors: Ariadna Recasens, Iria Carballo-Carbajal, Annabelle Parent, Jordi Bové, Ellen Gelpi, Eduardo Tolosa and Miquel Vila

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:8

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  32. Content type: Research

    Neurodegenerative diseases are linked to a systemic enzyme resistance of toxic aggregated molecules and their pathological consequences. This paper presents a unique phenomenon that Philodina acuticornis, a bdell...

    Authors: Zsolt Datki, Zita Olah, Tibor Hortobagyi, Lilla Macsai, Katalin Zsuga, Livia Fulop, Zsolt Bozso, Bence Galik, Eva Acs, Angela Foldi, Amanda Szarvas and Janos Kalman

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:6

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  33. Content type: Research

    The presence of pathology related to the deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) has been recently reported in iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (iCJD) acquired from inoculation of growth hormone (GH) extracted from h...

    Authors: Ignazio Cali, Mark L. Cohen, Stéphane Haїk, Piero Parchi, Giorgio Giaccone, Steven J. Collins, Diane Kofskey, Han Wang, Catriona A. McLean, Jean-Philippe Brandel, Nicolas Privat, Véronique Sazdovitch, Charles Duyckaerts, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Ermias D. Belay, Ryan A. Maddox…

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:5

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  34. Content type: Research

    Proteoglycans are promising therapeutic targets in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), because they regulate many aspects of the immune response. This was studied using surfen, an agent that binds both heparan sulphate p...

    Authors: Jordan R. Warford, Anna-Claire Lamport, Derek R. Clements, Alicia Malone, Barry E. Kennedy, Youra Kim, Shashi A. Gujar, David W. Hoskin and Alexander S. Easton

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:4

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  35. Content type: Research

    Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by widespread oligodendroglial cytoplasmic inclusions of filamentous α-synuclein, and neuronal loss in autonomic ...

    Authors: Violetta Refolo, Francesco Bez, Alexia Polissidis, Daniela Kuzdas-Wood, Edith Sturm, Martina Kamaratou, Werner Poewe, Leonidas Stefanis, M. Angela Cenci, Marina Romero-Ramos, Gregor K. Wenning and Nadia Stefanova

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:2

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  36. Content type: Research

    Alzheimer-type neuropil threads (NTs) and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are comprised of either 4 repeat (4R)-tau, 3 repeat (3R)-tau, or a mixture of both. In the hippocampus, the number of NFTs, and the prop...

    Authors: Miho Uematsu, Ayako Nakamura, Momoko Ebashi, Katsuiku Hirokawa, Ryosuke Takahashi and Toshiki Uchihara

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:1

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  37. Content type: Research

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia among older adults. Accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the brain is considered central in AD pathogenesis and its understanding crucial for developi...

    Authors: Maria Luisa Moro, Andrew Stephen Phillips, Katie Gaimster, Christian Paul, Amritpal Mudher, James A. R. Nicoll and Delphine Boche

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2018 6:3

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  38. Content type: Review

    Emerging experimental evidence suggests that the spread of tau pathology in the brain in Tauopathies reflects the propagation of abnormal tau species along neuroanatomically connected brain areas. This propaga...

    Authors: Amrit Mudher, Morvane Colin, Simon Dujardin, Miguel Medina, Ilse Dewachter, Seyedeh Maryam Alavi Naini, Eva-Maria Mandelkow, Eckhard Mandelkow, Luc Buée, Michel Goedert and Jean-Pierre Brion

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:99

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  39. Content type: Retraction Note

    The authors are retracting this article. The article describes mice expressing wild-type human MATR3. However, since publication the authors have become aware that all of the lines of mice described express hu...

    Authors: Christina Moloney, Sruti Rayaprolu, John Howard, Susan Fromholt, Hilda Brown, Matt Collins, Mariela Cabrera, Colin Duffy, Zoe Siemienski, Dave Miller, Maurice S. Swanson, Lucia Notterpek, David R. Borchelt and Jada Lewis

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:97

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    The original article was published in Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2016 4:122

  40. Content type: Research

    Mutations in the stress granule protein T-cell restricted intracellular antigen 1 (TIA1) were recently shown to cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with or without frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Here, we...

    Authors: Veronica Hirsch-Reinshagen, Cyril Pottier, Alexandra M. Nicholson, Matt Baker, Ging-Yuek R. Hsiung, Charles Krieger, Pheth Sengdy, Kevin B. Boylan, Dennis W. Dickson, Marsel Mesulam, Sandra Weintraub, Eileen Bigio, Lorne Zinman, Julia Keith, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Sasha A. Zivkovic…

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:96

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  41. Content type: Research

    The overlapping clinical features of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-antibody (Ab) neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG...

    Authors: Maciej Jurynczyk, Fay Probert, Tianrong Yeo, George Tackley, Tim D. W. Claridge, Ana Cavey, Mark R. Woodhall, Siddharth Arora, Torsten Winkler, Eric Schiffer, Angela Vincent, Gabriele DeLuca, Nicola R. Sibson, M. Isabel Leite, Patrick Waters, Daniel C. Anthony…

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:95

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  42. Content type: Research

    In neuroinflammatory disorders such as multiple sclerosis, the physiological function of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is perturbed, particularly in demyelinating lesions and supposedly secondary to acute demy...

    Authors: Stefan A. Berghoff, Tim Düking, Lena Spieth, Jan Winchenbach, Sina K. Stumpf, Nina Gerndt, Kathrin Kusch, Torben Ruhwedel, Wiebke Möbius and Gesine Saher

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:94

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  43. Content type: Research

    People with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for developing Alzheimer disease (AD) with age. Typically, by age 40 years, most people with DS have sufficient neuropathology for an AD diagnosis. Interestingly...

    Authors: Elizabeth Head, Michael J. Phelan, Eric Doran, Ronald C. Kim, Wayne W. Poon, Frederick A. Schmitt and Ira T. Lott

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:93

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  44. Content type: Research

    While Munc18–1 interacts with Syntaxin1 and controls the formation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNARE) complex to regulate presynaptic vesicle fusion in developed ...

    Authors: Nanako Hamada, Ikuko Iwamoto, Hidenori Tabata and Koh-ichi Nagata

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:92

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  45. Content type: Research

    Microtubule-associated protein tau aggregates constitute the characteristic neuropathological features of several neurodegenerative diseases grouped under the name of tauopathies. It is now clear that the proc...

    Authors: Marta Sidoryk-Wegrzynowicz, Yannick N. Gerber, Miriam Ries, Magdalena Sastre, Aviva M. Tolkovsky and Maria Grazia Spillantini

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:89

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  46. Content type: Review

    Since the discovery of the microtubule-associated protein Tau (MAPT) over 40 years ago, most studies have focused on Tau’s role in microtubule stability and regulation, as well as on the neuropathological cons...

    Authors: Ioannis Sotiropoulos, Marie-Christine Galas, Joana M. Silva, Efthimios Skoulakis, Susanne Wegmann, Mahmoud Bukar Maina, David Blum, Carmen Laura Sayas, Eva-Maria Mandelkow, Eckhard Mandelkow, Maria Grazia Spillantini, Nuno Sousa, Jesus Avila, Miguel Medina, Amrit Mudher and Luc Buee

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:91

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  47. Content type: Research

    Although oligoclonal bands in the cerebrospinal fluid have been a hallmark of multiple sclerosis diagnosis for over three decades, the role of antibody-secreting cells in multiple sclerosis remains unclear. T ...

    Authors: Karolin Pollok, Ronja Mothes, Carolin Ulbricht, Alina Liebheit, Jan David Gerken, Sylvia Uhlmann, Friedemann Paul, Raluca Niesner, Helena Radbruch and Anja Erika Hauser

    Citation: Acta Neuropathologica Communications 2017 5:88

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