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Fig. 7 | Acta Neuropathologica Communications

Fig. 7

From: Network analysis of the progranulin-deficient mouse brain proteome reveals pathogenic mechanisms shared in human frontotemporal dementia caused by GRN mutations

Fig. 7

GPNMB and galectin-3 levels are elevated in FTD-GRN brains. a, b GPNMB and galectin-3 levels (ng/mg protein) were measured in frontal lobe tissue lysates generated from cognitively normal controls (CTL; n = 27) and FTD-GRN patients (n = 25). Data analyzed using unpaired t-test. c Representative immunoblots for GPNMB and galectin-3 in frontal lobe lysates from cognitively normal controls (n = 8) and FTD-GRN (n = 8) patients. d GPNMB levels (ng/mL) in CSF samples form cognitively normal controls (n = 14), FTD-GRN (n = 9), FTD-C9orf72 (n = 12) and FTD-MAPT (n = 12) samples quantified by ELISA. Data analyzed using one-way ANOVA. e, f GPNMB immunostaining was performed on frontal lobe tissue sections from cognitively normal controls (n = 5) (e) and FTD-GRN (n = 5) (f) patients. g, h Immunostaining for p-TDP 43 was stained on adjacent sections from identical samples in e, f as marker of FTLD pathology. i GPNMB staining intensity in human brain sections (e, f) were measured and presented as fold change. Representative immunofluorescence staining for cell markers (green) (j, n, r), GPNMB (red) (k, o, s), DAPI (blue) (i, p, t) in paraffin sections of brains from FTD-GRN cases. Iba-1, GFAP, NeuN used for markers of human microglia, astrocytes, and neurons respectively. GPNMB and Iba-1 signals overlap (arrow) (m) whereas, no overlapping signal was observed in co-staining with GFAP or NeuN (q, u). Scale bars were labeled in the images. Data analyzed by unpaired t-test. Scale bars (20 µm) labeled in images and quantitative data are shown as mean ± SEM, *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; ****p < 0.0001

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