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Table 2 Characteristics of study participants

From: Characterization of the TNF and IL-1 systems in human brain and blood after ischemic stroke

VariableControlsIschemic strokep-value
Men, n (%)19 (68)19 (56)0.34
Age, years (mean ± SD)59.3 ± 12.864.5 ± 12.8*0.03
BMI, kg/m2 (mean ± SD)26.1 ± 3.826.6 ± 5.50.84
SSS, points (mean ± SD) 49.5 ± 9.2 
mRS, points (mean ± SD) 1.8 ± 1.8 
Smoking  **0.003
- Current smokers, n (%)4 (14.2)9 (26.4) 
- Previous smokers, n (%)5 (17.9)17 (50.0) 
- Non-smokers, n (%)14 (50)4 (11.8) 
- Not known, n (%)5 (17.9)4 (11.8) 
Alcohol consumption a  *0.04
< health authorities’ recommendations, n (%)18 (64.3)25 (73.5) 
> health authorities’ recommendations, n (%)2 (7.1)9 (26.5) 
Not known, n (%)8 (28.6)  
Anti-inflammatory medication, n (%)4 (14.2)14 (41.2)0.21
- Topical steroids1 (3.6)8 (23.5) 
- NSAID3 (10.7)5 (14.7) 
- Systemic glucocorticoid3 (10.7)2 (5.9) 
- Antibodies 1 (2.9) 
Arterial supply area affected
- Anterior 16 (52.9) 
- Posterior (PCA & basilar/vertebral) 6 (17.7) 
- Nuclei 5 (14.7) 
- Brain stem & spinal cord 3 (8.8) 
- Fiber tracts 3 (8.8) 
- Not identified 1 (2.9) 
Treatment
- Thrombolysis 5 (14.7) 
- Thrombectomy 5 (14.7) 
Time to first sample, hours (mean ± SD) 7.5 (5.6) 
  1. BMI body mass index, mRS modified Rankin Scale, NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, PCA posterior communicating artery, SSS Scandinavian Stroke Scale
  2. aThe Danish Health authority recommends < 7 units per week for women (1 unit equals 1 glass of wine) and < 14 units per week for men