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Table 2 Vascular access strategies reported by the included studies

From: Perfusion fixation in brain banking: a systematic review

Study Approach Vessels Accessed Cannula Vessels Occluded
Adickes 1996 [2] Ex situ, both hemispheres Unilateral vertebral artery, bilateral carotid arteries 18G cannula Contralateral vertebral artery
Adickes 1997 [1] Ex situ, one hemisphere Internal carotid artery; if the PCoA was too small or not present, second cannula placed in the posterior cerebral artery 18G plastic cannula Basilar and contralateral cerebral arteries
Alvernia 2010 [3] In situ, head separated Common carotid arteries, vertebral arteries, internal jugular veins One-way urinary catheter (largest possible) NR
Beach 1987 [7] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid arteries, bilateral vertebral arteries or basilar artery Plastic IV cannula NR
Benet 2014 [9] In situ, head separated Common carotid arteries, vertebral arteries, jugular veins NR NR
Böhm 1983 [12] In situ, thoracic dissection Aortic arch Wide balloon catheter NR
Coveñas 2003 [20] Ex situ, whole brain Carotid and vertebral arteries NR NR
de Oliveira 2012 [23] Ex situ, one hemisphere Internal carotid artery, posterior communicating artery* 20G peripheral catheter* Basilar artery* and contralateral hemisphere arteries
Donckaster 1963 [24] In situ, neck dissection Bilateral carotids, with or without vertebral arteries Irrigation cannula External carotids
Feekes 2005 [28] Unclear Carotid artery NR NR
Grinberg 2008 [34] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid arteries and vertebral arteries* Olive C cannula* NR
Halliday 1988 [35] Ex situ, whole brain Carotid and vertebral arteries NR NR
Huang 1993 [40] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid arteries and vertebral arteries NR NR
Insausti 1995 [42] Ex situ, whole brain Both internal carotids, if both PCoAs were sufficient diameter; One carotid and the basilar artery otherwise NR Non-cannulated arteries were ligated
Istomin 1994 [43] Ex situ, whole brain Internal carotid arteries and basilar arteries NR NR
Istomin 1994 [43] In situ, neck dissection Bilateral carotid arteries NR NR
Kalimo 1974 [45] In situ, neck dissection Initial segment of the right internal carotid artery Glass cannula Right external carotid, both left carotid arteries, and vertebral arteries
Latini 2015 [53] In situ, neck dissection Left or right common carotid artery NR NR
Lyck 2008 [58] In situ, unclear approach Internal carotid artery NR NR
Masawa 1993 [59] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid arteries NR NR
Masawa 1994 [60] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral carotid arteries NR NR
McKenzie 1994 [64] In situ, neck dissection Bilateral common carotid arteries Polyethylene cannula (1/4″ outside diameter) Vertebral arteries and internal jugular veins (intermittently clamped)
Nakamura 1991 [69] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid and vertebral arteries NR NR
Pakkenberg 1966 [70] In situ, unclear approach Unilateral carotid artery NR NR
Sharma 2006 [79] Ex situ, whole brain Blood vessels at the base of the brain and floor of the third ventricle (non-vessel) NR NR
Shinkai 1976 [81] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid and vertebral arteries NR NR
Sutoo 1994 [85] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid arteries and basilar artery NR NR
Suzuki 1979 [86] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral middle cerebral arteries NR NR
Tanaka 1975 [87] In situ, neck dissection Left internal carotid artery NR NR
Torack 1990 [90] Ex situ, whole brain Bilateral internal carotid arteries and the basilar artery NR After initial perfusion fixation, clamped vessels to isolate the hippocampus
Turkoglu 2014 [92] In situ, head separated Bilateral internal carotid arteries One-way number 10 Foley urinary catheters External carotid arteries
von Keyserlingk 1984 [93] In situ, neck dissection Internal carotid artery, vertebral artery NR NR
Waldvogel 2006 [96] Ex situ, whole brain Basilar and internal carotid arteries 21G winged infusion needles Leaking vessels occluded
Waldvogel 2006 [96] Ex situ, one hemisphere Internal carotid, vertebral, and anterior cerebral arteries 21G winged infusion needles Leaking vessels occluded
Welikovitch 2018 [99] Ex situ, whole brain Internal carotid and vertebral arteries Serum 1 needle* NR
  1. The overall approach to perfusion fixation, blood vessels cannulated, cannula type used, and any vessels reported as clamped or otherwise occluded by the included studies. If an included study did not describe the vessels that were accessed, it is not listed here. Asterisks indicate personal communications. NR: Not reported, PCoA: Posterior communicating artery