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Fig. 4 | Acta Neuropathologica Communications

Fig. 4

From: Persistent accumulation of unrepaired DNA damage in rat cortical neurons: nuclear organization and ChIP-seq analysis of damaged DNA

Fig. 4

a Immunogold electron microscopy for 53BP1 of a typical PDDF (asterisk) in a rat cortical neuron. It is composed of a loosen network of chromatin fibers decorated with gold particles and appears associated with the nucleolus (No) and a heterochromatin mass (Htc). 15 days post-IR. Scale bar: 500 nm Inset: High magnification of 53BP1-immunolabeled chromatin fibers. b In situ electron microscopy transcription assay illustrating the incorporation of 5′-fluorouridine (5’-FU) into nascent RNA after 45 min of the administration of the halogenated nucleotide. Note the absence of 5’-FU incorporation in the PDDF (asterisk) and its incorporation in the transcriptionally active adjacent euchromatin. Rat cortical neuron after 15 days post-IR. Scale bar: 300 nm. c-e Representative example of double immunolabeling for γH2AX and CTCF in an irradiated cortical neuron showing two perinucleolar PDDF. In addition to a diffuse nuclear distribution of CTCF, this insulator protein appears concentrated in numerous microfoci at the periphery of the γH2AX-positive PDDF. 15 days post-IR. Scale bar: 3 μm. f, g Immunogold electron microscopy for the CTCF shows its preferential distribution at the PDDF boundary with euchromatin, although some scattered gold particles appear within the PDDF (asterisk). No: nucleolus. Scale bars: f, 450 nm; g, 250 nm

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