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Table 1 Clinical data and demographics corresponding to urine samples from subjects with or without G2019S-LRRK2 mutations, with or without PD

From: Elevated LRRK2 autophosphorylation in brain-derived and peripheral exosomes in LRRK2 mutation carriers

  LRRK2+/PD- LRRK2+/PD+ LRRK2-/PD+ LRRK2-/PD- p valuea
Gender M(F) 29(30) 8(18) 23(16) 2(6) ns
Age 60 (52-66) 59 (53.75-70.25) 59 (53-63) 60.5 (56-75) ns
Age at onset NA 55 (47-60.25) 55 (50-60) NA ns
LEDD NA 500 (400-650) 300 (0-600) NA ns
UPDRS_III 4 (0-6) 19.5 (15.75-22.25) 19 (16.5-24) 0 (0-0) <0.0001
MoCA 26 (26-29) 26 (25-27) 28 (26-28) 27 (<26-30) ns
H&Y 0 (0-0) 2 (2-2.5) 2 (2-2) 0 (0-0) <0.0001
  1. LEDD is L-dopa equivalent daily dosage, UPDRS is Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale, MoCA is Montreal Cognitive Assessment, H&Y is Hoehn & Yahr scale, NA is not applicable; Values reported are group median (interquartile range). aDetermined by comparing LRRK2+/PD- to LRRK2+/PD+ using the Dunn post hoc test following Kruskal-Wallis test of all groups. ns is not significant as determined by Pearson chi square (gender and MoCA), ANOVA (age at test), t test (age at onset), Mann-Whitney test (LEDD) and Kruskal-Wallis test (H&Y, UPDRS III)