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Fig. 2 | Acta Neuropathologica Communications

Fig. 2

From: Amyloid-β 1–24 C-terminal truncated fragment promotes amyloid-β 1–42 aggregate formation in the healthy brain

Fig. 2

Intracranial injection of H-Aβ24 and H-Aβ42/H-Aβ24 mix in wt mice induces microglia recruitment and TNF-alpha production. a Immunofluorescence staining of ThT-positive aggregates (green) surrounded by Iba1 positive microglia cells (red) in wt mice brain slice 2.5 months after injection of vehicle, H-Aβ42, H-Aβ24 or H-Aβ42/H-Aβ24 mix. Arrows in H-Aβ42 panel indicate Aβ accumulation in vessels. Scale bar: 10 μm. b IF staining of 6E10 positive aggregates (blue) surrounded by Iba1 positive microglia cells (red) in wt mice brains 2.5 months after injection of vehicle, H-Aβ42, H-Aβ24 or H-Aβ42/H-Aβ24 mix. IF staining of 6E10 positive plaques and surrounding microglia are shown in a brain section of 8 months old APP/PS1 transgenic mouse for comparison. Scale bar: 10 μm. c Quantification of ThT-positive plaques in sections of wt mice brains 2.5 months after injection of vehicle, H-Aβ42, H-Aβ24 or H-Aβ42/H-Aβ24 mix. Aβ detected in correspondence of blood vessels (H-Aβ42 left panel, arrows) was excluded from the analysis. 6 sections were analyzed for each mouse brain (N = 3 mice for each group). Statistical analysis was performed by One way Anova, Bonferroni multiple comparison test (*** P < 0.001). d and e TNF-alpha levels measured by ELISA in brain homogenates d and serum e of wt mice 2.5 months after the injection of vehicle, H-Aβ42, H-Aβ24 or H-Aβ42/H-Aβ24 mix. Statistical analysis was performed by One way Anova, Bonferroni multiple comparison test (*** P < 0.001; ** P < 0. 01)

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