Dystrophic microglia have many guises and can be stained with different antibodies. A, B Iba1 (red) and CD68 (green) double immunohistochemical staining of dystrophic microglia in AD brain, as seen by 3-D confocal microscopy. Note fragmentation of cytoplasmic processes and punctate CD68 labeling indicating intracellular location of lysosomal antigen. C-E, anti-HLA-DR antigen immunohistochemistry (LN-3 antibody) shows dystrophic spheroid formation (C), atrophic deramified processes (D), and formation of microglial aggregate with spheroids (E). F, ferritin-positive fragmented microglia. G, Iba1-positive dystrophic microglia with beaded, fragmenting processes and spheroids. All images taken in cerebral cortex of AD subjects. Scale bars: 10 μm (A, B), 20 μm (C, D, G), 40 μm (E, F).